OVERVIEW OF THE STAGGERING IMPORTANCE OF
THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT FOR CIVIL RIGHTS

The Establishment of the Supreme Court  

United States Supreme Court was established by Article III of the United States Constitution  regarding the federal judiciary. Section 1 states that “the judicial power of the United States,  shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to  time ordain and establish.“ The recognition of a court to be the final power to interpret what  laws are and are not constitutional is perhaps the greatest vesting of power granted in the  Constitution.  

While the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court, it permits Congress to determine how to  shape the Court. Congress enacted the Judiciary Act of 1789 which established the lower federal  court system and declared that the Supreme Court would have six justices. The Act also  established the beginning of the federal court of appeals and the multi state circuit court federal  system. 

The Supreme Court has been, since the beginning of our democracy, recognized as our nations  “High Court.” It is an entity with so much power over the laws promulgated by Congress that  each appointment of a new justice can shift the balance of power to affect and impact millions of  Americans for generations to come. Alexander Hamilton was once quoted as saying that the  Supreme Court is “beyond comparison the weakest out of the three departments of power.” How  little did he know. For a man with incredible vision, it was not foreseeable at the time that the  Supreme Court of the United States would become arguably the most powerful body in the  United States of America.  

The United States Constitution does not lay out in detail the powers or the impact of the court. It simply establishes the body to be the ultimate determiner of whether or not a law is  constitutional.

The Constitution does mention that it needs to have a chief justice, but it does not mention how  many justices there should be or what terms they should have. It simply states that the United  States Supreme Court justices should hold their office during “good behavior.” This has been  interpreted by our lawmakers to mean “for life.” However, the United States Constitution does  lay out the possibility of impeachment for justices who exhibit “bad behavior.” Only one justice  in our nations over 200-year history has been the subject of impeachment. Justice Samuel Chase  was impeached by the United States house of Representatives in 1804 for what they considered  to be “partisan leanings” in his decision making. However, he was not removed from office  because he was acquitted by the United States Senate and allowed to remain a member of the  court. This process may sound strikingly similar to the process of the attempted impeachment of  President Donald J. Trump by the House of Representatives as he was subsequently acquitted by  the Senate. 

As Congress has the power to establish the Supreme Court and the lower courts, they have set  the number of supreme court justices at nine members. In the past, there have been as few as six  members and as many as 10. It is likely apparent that an even number of justices is never a good  idea. Congress established the federal district courts as well as the courts of appeals for the  federal system and all circuit courts based in power of the Judiciary Act of 1789 

Interestingly, the Judiciary act of 1789 gave the United States Supreme Court power to issue  what is called a writ of mandamus. This is a court order that can command a government official  to do their establish job. However in 1803 the Supreme Court themselves in the case of Marbury  versus Madison ruled, under John Marshall chief justice, that the Court did not have the  constitutional power to issue such writs. Justice Marshall invalidated that portion of the statute  established by the United States Congress. In doing so he also established judicial review — the principle that makes the Supreme Court as powerful as it continues to be to this day. Judicial  review is the ability of United States Supreme Court to rule upon the constitutionality of a law  and uphold it as constitutional or strike it down as unconstitutional 

You can see how the court has become such a powerful body and how appointing conservative  or liberal judges to the bench greatly influences and impacts the power of lawmakers. Many  Americans view many issues such as abortion and second amendment rights to bear arms as the  most important issues. If a case involving these issues is appealed and accepted by the United  States Supreme Court to be heard, the court has the power to uphold or strike down laws on these  types of issues. Some hold the belief that the Supreme Court should be an extension of the  presidents will. The Court was created to be a non-partisan body to determine if laws created  either by the President or the Congress were in line with our constitutional mandates.  

Chief justice John Roberts wrote on this matter. He stated “we do not have Obama judges or  Trump judges, Bush judges or Clinton judges. What we have is an extraordinary group of  dedicated judges. What we have is an extraordinary group of dedicated judges doing their level  best to do equal right to those appearing before them. “ 

During this country’s history, there have been various Acts of Congress that have altered the  number of seats on the Supreme Court. After the Civil War, the number of seats on the court was 

fixed at nine and has remained at nine ever since the Civil War ended. The constitution states  there shall be one chief justice. There are eight associate justices on the United States Supreme  Court. Many people do not know and think that only United States Supreme Court justices are  appointed by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate. However, all federal  judges are appointed by the President and confirmed by the United Senate. All federal judges are  appointed to office and can hold their office for the remainder of their life. Their salaries cannot  be decreased during their term of office. The reason for these restrictions is that they are meant to  protect the independence of the judiciary from the other political branches of government from  undue influence. No one can threaten to take away a Judges salary or fire him because they are  unhappy with the way that they decide a case. 

Jurisdiction of the court 

United States Constitution at Article III section II establishes the jurisdiction (which means the  legal ability of a court to hear a case) of the supreme court. It states that the court shall have  jurisdiction over cases that are suits between two or more states, that involve ambassadors or  other public ministers. The Court also has appellate jurisdiction, (meaning that they can hear  after a lower court has heard the matter and the matter is appealed on the basis of a point of  constitutional or federal law.) The most popular of these types of cases to reach the Supreme  Court are cases involving treaties, division between the states, and cases involving constitutional  rights. 

Types of cases heard 

Thousands of appeals to the Supreme Court are made every year and with only nine members,  you can see that they can only hear so many cases every year. When exercising their appellate  jurisdiction, they do not have to hear every case. In fact, The Certiorari Act of 1925 gives the  court discretion to decide whether or not to hear a specific case. If attorneys wish their case to be  heard by the United States Supreme Court, they must prepare what is called a petition for writ of  certiorari. The petition asks the court to review the case. The US Supreme Court generally  agrees to hear about 100 to 150 cases that are brought before them on certiorari every year.  Approximately 7,000 cases are presented for certiorari to the court every year. 

Appellate jurisdiction 

Surprisingly, the best known and most daunting power of the United States Supreme Court is its  power of judicial review. This is the ability of the court to declare that a legislative or executive  Act is in violation of the Constitution and can be struck down as a matter of law. This power is  

not found within the words of the constitution. In fact, the power was established by the court itself. The Court established this doctrine in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803). 5 US 137, 2  L. Ed. 60, 2 L. Ed. 2d 60 – Supreme Court (1803). In that case, the court was asked to decide  whether an Act of Congress permissible by the Constitution. Article VI of the United States  Constitution establishes that the Constitution is the “supreme law of the land of United States of  America.” The court held that an act of Congress that is contrary to the constitution cannot  stand. In subsequent cases, the Supreme Court also ruled that it has authority to strike down laws  found to be in violation of the Constitution. Before the passage of the Bill of Rights Amendment  in 1869 following the Civil War, the provision provisions of the Bill of Rights were only 

applicable to the federal government and not the States. After the Amendment was passed, the  Supreme Court began ruling that the provisions of the Bill of Rights were also applicable to the  states. Therefore, jurisdiction was created that the court has the final say as to whether a right  protected by the Constitution is violated by law by the states. 

Importance 

It cannot be emphasized enough how significance the power United States Supreme Court has in  our system of government. It is the highest court in the country, and it is the court of last resort  for groups seeking constitutional justice. The Supreme Court holds the power of judicial review  and has the power to strike down laws made by the states as well as at the federal level which  violate the provisions of the Constitution and the amendments thereto. Therefore, United States  Supreme Court determines what civil rights and liberties are outlined by the constitution and its  amendment and what is considered an infringement by government. The course sets limits on  government by ensuring that popular majorities cannot pass laws that take away or disadvantage  minorities.  

The Supreme Court serves to ensure that the views of a majority do not undermine the  fundamental values common to all Americans which are grounded in our constitution including  freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and entitlement to the due process of law. 

Impact 

I think that few Americans outside the legal and government professions truly understand the  staggering power the United States Supreme Court has in our system of government. The  importance in our society to maintain an impartial and objective Court to ensure our civil  liberties as granted by the Constitution are not infringed upon cannot be understated. The rulings  of the Supreme Court have a profound impact on our society in everything from business to  government to personal civil rights Some of the most landmark cases that have been decided by the Supreme Court have created great change in America when such a change was needed. They  have allowed us to maintain our freedom of expression among countless freedoms. By  appointing justices who may not be able to maintain an impartiality from their own personal  views, the entirety of our democratic process and constitutional way of life is in jeopardy. It is important to point out that the same provisions that allow you to practice your own religion  allow others to practice their own religion. This is only a small example of the many rights that  can be taken away or infringed upon by government if there is not a body in place to prevent  laws that are contrary to our constitution from being upheld. 

At TheOneLawyer.com, we are here to serve our community and provide legal services in the  Henderson and Las Vegas area. We are a boutique law firm providing experienced and personal  representation to injured clients. At the Law Offices of Laura Payne-Hunt, TheOneLawyer.com  we provide professional and personal service to each and every one of our clients on various  legal matters and have over 15 years of experience in reviewing insurance policies and in  Nevada insurance law. If you have a question regarding any type of personal injury or paying  your medical bills from an accident, please don’t hesitate to call the offices of  TheOneLawyer.com and speak directly to attorney Laura Marie Payne-Hunt, Esq. a Henderson  Injury Attorney for over 15 years. Laura is recognized as one of Nevada’s Top 100 Lawyers.  She has the experience and knowledge to obtain the maximum settlement you deserve. Please 

call our office if you or a loved one is injured. We can make sure that you receive the care you need and deserve and advise on how to preserve evidence.  

At our office, we are experienced in helping injured victims get the compensation they are  entitled to. Insurance companies never have the best interest of the injured person at the top of  their priorities. They want to pay as little on every claim as possible. Having worked for an  insurance company as an attorney for 9 years before opening my boutique law firm specializing  in helping injured people, I have reviewed thousands of auto accident claims and policy  provisions.  

At the Henderson and Las Vegas Accident injury law offices of TheOneLaweyer.com, Laura  Marie Payne-Hunt and her staff are here to help you and your family in the event that accidents  and tragedies occur. For any of your legal needs, do not hesitate to contact our Henderson and  Las Vegas Accident injury offices. TheOneLawyer.com is a boutique, family owned law firm  that specializes in helping injured people and the community of Las Vegas and Henderson  Nevada with legal issues involving auto accidents, wrongful deaths, slip and falls, truck  accidents, injuries to children, bicycle accidents, dog bites, product liability claims, and all types  of injury claims. Please do not hesitate to call us anytime you have a legal question or you or a  loved one has sustained an injury at 702-450-(HUNT) 4868 and text 24/7 at 702-600-0032. 

United States Supreme Court was established by Article III of the United States Constitution  regarding the federal judiciary. Section 1 states that “the judicial power of the United States,  shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to  time ordain and establish.“ The recognition of a court to be the final power to interpret what  laws are and are not constitutional is perhaps the greatest vesting of power granted in the  Constitution.  

While the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court, it permits Congress to determine how to  shape the Court. Congress enacted the Judiciary Act of 1789 which established the lower federal  court system and declared that the Supreme Court would have six justices. The Act also  established the beginning of the federal court of appeals and the multi state circuit court federal  system. 

The Supreme Court has been, since the beginning of our democracy, recognized as our nations  “High Court.” It is an entity with so much power over the laws promulgated by Congress that  each appointment of a new justice can shift the balance of power to affect and impact millions of  Americans for generations to come. Alexander Hamilton was once quoted as saying that the  Supreme Court is “beyond comparison the weakest out of the three departments of power.” How  little did he know. For a man with incredible vision, it was not foreseeable at the time that the  Supreme Court of the United States would become arguably the most powerful body in the  United States of America.  

The United States Constitution does not lay out in detail the powers or the impact of the court. It simply establishes the body to be the ultimate determiner of whether or not a law is  constitutional.

The Constitution does mention that it needs to have a chief justice, but it does not mention how  many justices there should be or what terms they should have. It simply states that the United  States Supreme Court justices should hold their office during “good behavior.” This has been  interpreted by our lawmakers to mean “for life.” However, the United States Constitution does  lay out the possibility of impeachment for justices who exhibit “bad behavior.” Only one justice  in our nations over 200-year history has been the subject of impeachment. Justice Samuel Chase  was impeached by the United States house of Representatives in 1804 for what they considered  to be “partisan leanings” in his decision making. However, he was not removed from office  because he was acquitted by the United States Senate and allowed to remain a member of the  court. This process may sound strikingly similar to the process of the attempted impeachment of  President Donald J. Trump by the House of Representatives as he was subsequently acquitted by  the Senate. 

As Congress has the power to establish the Supreme Court and the lower courts, they have set  the number of supreme court justices at nine members. In the past, there have been as few as six  members and as many as 10. It is likely apparent that an even number of justices is never a good  idea. Congress established the federal district courts as well as the courts of appeals for the  federal system and all circuit courts based in power of the Judiciary Act of 1789 

Interestingly, the Judiciary act of 1789 gave the United States Supreme Court power to issue  what is called a writ of mandamus. This is a court order that can command a government official  to do their establish job. However in 1803 the Supreme Court themselves in the case of Marbury  versus Madison ruled, under John Marshall chief justice, that the Court did not have the  constitutional power to issue such writs. Justice Marshall invalidated that portion of the statute  established by the United States Congress. In doing so he also established judicial review — the principle that makes the Supreme Court as powerful as it continues to be to this day. Judicial  review is the ability of United States Supreme Court to rule upon the constitutionality of a law  and uphold it as constitutional or strike it down as unconstitutional 

You can see how the court has become such a powerful body and how appointing conservative  or liberal judges to the bench greatly influences and impacts the power of lawmakers. Many  Americans view many issues such as abortion and second amendment rights to bear arms as the  most important issues. If a case involving these issues is appealed and accepted by the United  States Supreme Court to be heard, the court has the power to uphold or strike down laws on these  types of issues. Some hold the belief that the Supreme Court should be an extension of the  presidents will. The Court was created to be a non-partisan body to determine if laws created  either by the President or the Congress were in line with our constitutional mandates.  

Chief justice John Roberts wrote on this matter. He stated “we do not have Obama judges or  Trump judges, Bush judges or Clinton judges. What we have is an extraordinary group of  dedicated judges. What we have is an extraordinary group of dedicated judges doing their level  best to do equal right to those appearing before them. “ 

During this country’s history, there have been various Acts of Congress that have altered the  number of seats on the Supreme Court. After the Civil War, the number of seats on the court was 

fixed at nine and has remained at nine ever since the Civil War ended. The constitution states  there shall be one chief justice. There are eight associate justices on the United States Supreme  Court. Many people do not know and think that only United States Supreme Court justices are  appointed by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate. However, all federal  judges are appointed by the President and confirmed by the United Senate. All federal judges are  appointed to office and can hold their office for the remainder of their life. Their salaries cannot  be decreased during their term of office. The reason for these restrictions is that they are meant to  protect the independence of the judiciary from the other political branches of government from  undue influence. No one can threaten to take away a Judges salary or fire him because they are  unhappy with the way that they decide a case. 

Jurisdiction of the court 

United States Constitution at Article III section II establishes the jurisdiction (which means the  legal ability of a court to hear a case) of the supreme court. It states that the court shall have  jurisdiction over cases that are suits between two or more states, that involve ambassadors or  other public ministers. The Court also has appellate jurisdiction, (meaning that they can hear  after a lower court has heard the matter and the matter is appealed on the basis of a point of  constitutional or federal law.) The most popular of these types of cases to reach the Supreme  Court are cases involving treaties, division between the states, and cases involving constitutional  rights. 

Types of cases heard 

Thousands of appeals to the Supreme Court are made every year and with only nine members,  you can see that they can only hear so many cases every year. When exercising their appellate  jurisdiction, they do not have to hear every case. In fact, The Certiorari Act of 1925 gives the  court discretion to decide whether or not to hear a specific case. If attorneys wish their case to be  heard by the United States Supreme Court, they must prepare what is called a petition for writ of  certiorari. The petition asks the court to review the case. The US Supreme Court generally  agrees to hear about 100 to 150 cases that are brought before them on certiorari every year.  Approximately 7,000 cases are presented for certiorari to the court every year. 

Appellate jurisdiction 

Surprisingly, the best known and most daunting power of the United States Supreme Court is its  power of judicial review. This is the ability of the court to declare that a legislative or executive  Act is in violation of the Constitution and can be struck down as a matter of law. This power is  

not found within the words of the constitution. In fact, the power was established by the court itself. The Court established this doctrine in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803). 5 US 137, 2  L. Ed. 60, 2 L. Ed. 2d 60 – Supreme Court (1803). In that case, the court was asked to decide  whether an Act of Congress permissible by the Constitution. Article VI of the United States  Constitution establishes that the Constitution is the “supreme law of the land of United States of  America.” The court held that an act of Congress that is contrary to the constitution cannot  stand. In subsequent cases, the Supreme Court also ruled that it has authority to strike down laws  found to be in violation of the Constitution. Before the passage of the Bill of Rights Amendment  in 1869 following the Civil War, the provision provisions of the Bill of Rights were only 

applicable to the federal government and not the States. After the Amendment was passed, the  Supreme Court began ruling that the provisions of the Bill of Rights were also applicable to the  states. Therefore, jurisdiction was created that the court has the final say as to whether a right  protected by the Constitution is violated by law by the states. 

Importance 

It cannot be emphasized enough how significance the power United States Supreme Court has in  our system of government. It is the highest court in the country, and it is the court of last resort  for groups seeking constitutional justice. The Supreme Court holds the power of judicial review  and has the power to strike down laws made by the states as well as at the federal level which  violate the provisions of the Constitution and the amendments thereto. Therefore, United States  Supreme Court determines what civil rights and liberties are outlined by the constitution and its  amendment and what is considered an infringement by government. The course sets limits on  government by ensuring that popular majorities cannot pass laws that take away or disadvantage  minorities.  

The Supreme Court serves to ensure that the views of a majority do not undermine the  fundamental values common to all Americans which are grounded in our constitution including  freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and entitlement to the due process of law. 

Impact 

I think that few Americans outside the legal and government professions truly understand the  staggering power the United States Supreme Court has in our system of government. The  importance in our society to maintain an impartial and objective Court to ensure our civil  liberties as granted by the Constitution are not infringed upon cannot be understated. The rulings  of the Supreme Court have a profound impact on our society in everything from business to  government to personal civil rights Some of the most landmark cases that have been decided by the Supreme Court have created great change in America when such a change was needed. They  have allowed us to maintain our freedom of expression among countless freedoms. By  appointing justices who may not be able to maintain an impartiality from their own personal  views, the entirety of our democratic process and constitutional way of life is in jeopardy. It is important to point out that the same provisions that allow you to practice your own religion  allow others to practice their own religion. This is only a small example of the many rights that  can be taken away or infringed upon by government if there is not a body in place to prevent  laws that are contrary to our constitution from being upheld. 

At TheOneLawyer.com, we are here to serve our community and provide legal services in the  Henderson and Las Vegas area. We are a boutique law firm providing experienced and personal  representation to injured clients. At the Law Offices of Laura Payne-Hunt, TheOneLawyer.com  we provide professional and personal service to each and every one of our clients on various  legal matters and have over 15 years of experience in reviewing insurance policies and in  Nevada insurance law. If you have a question regarding any type of personal injury or paying  your medical bills from an accident, please don’t hesitate to call the offices of  TheOneLawyer.com and speak directly to attorney Laura Marie Payne-Hunt, Esq. a Henderson  Injury Attorney for over 15 years. Laura is recognized as one of Nevada’s Top 100 Lawyers.  She has the experience and knowledge to obtain the maximum settlement you deserve. Please 

call our office if you or a loved one is injured. We can make sure that you receive the care you need and deserve and advise on how to preserve evidence.  

At our office, we are experienced in helping injured victims get the compensation they are  entitled to. Insurance companies never have the best interest of the injured person at the top of  their priorities. They want to pay as little on every claim as possible. Having worked for an  insurance company as an attorney for 9 years before opening my boutique law firm specializing  in helping injured people, I have reviewed thousands of auto accident claims and policy  provisions.  

At the Henderson and Las Vegas Accident injury law offices of TheOneLaweyer.com, Laura  Marie Payne-Hunt and her staff are here to help you and your family in the event that accidents  and tragedies occur. For any of your legal needs, do not hesitate to contact our Henderson and  Las Vegas Accident injury offices. TheOneLawyer.com is a boutique, family owned law firm  that specializes in helping injured people and the community of Las Vegas and Henderson  Nevada with legal issues involving auto accidents, wrongful deaths, slip and falls, truck  accidents, injuries to children, bicycle accidents, dog bites, product liability claims, and all types  of injury claims. Please do not hesitate to call us anytime you have a legal question or you or a  loved one has sustained an injury at 702-450-(HUNT) 4868 and text 24/7 at 702-600-0032.