Most drivers do not realize that bicyclists have the same rights and are required to follow the same laws as drivers of motor vehicle in the state of Nevada. They must ride to the right unless they are preparing to turn left or are able to match the speed of trafﬁc. Like drivers of cars, bicyclists must obey all trafﬁc signs and signals and they are required to use hand signals for turns and stops. Learn how to practice basic bicycle safety and maintenance in order to protect yourself on the road.
- Rules for Motorists: Safe passing is the motorist’s responsibility.
(NRS 484B.270. A motorist must pass with at least 3 feet of clearance between your car and the bicycle.
- Correct Size Bike: To determine the correct size bike, children should sit on the
seat with knees straight and feet ﬂat on the ground and adults should sit on the seat with one knee nearly straight and foot on the ground when foot is on the pedal in its lowest position.
- Helmets: Bike helmets are not required by law in Nevada but “they can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent when worn correctly” according to the nation Highway Transportation Safety Board.
- Night Riding: Bicyclists are required to wear bright clothing during the day and
reﬂective clothing at night. At night bicyclists must have a white lamp in the front visible from at least 500 feet away and a red tail reﬂector that can be observed by a vehicle’s low beams from 300 feet away. There must also be Reﬂective material on the sides of the bike that can be seen in low beams from at least 600 feet away or a lamp visible from both sides from 500 feet away. (NRS 484B.783)
Unfortunately, every year in Nevada, bicyclists are killed while riding on the roadways. Although Nevada does not rank in the top state for bicycle accidents thankfully, most bicycle accidents can be prevented if motorists and bicyclists follow basic safety rules and the rules of the road. http://ots.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/otsnvgov/content/Resources/2017_Highway_Safety_Performance_Plan_FINAL.pdf
The Rules of the Road for bicyclists in the state of Nevada are outlined in chapter 484B in the NRS and NRS 484B.760 thru NRS 484B.783 and following these rules can keep you and your family safe and avoid a bicycle accident. If fact, requiring your children to follow these laws is also part of the code. NRS 484B.760 states “The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit the child or ward to violate any of the provisions.” Some rules seem consistent with common sense but unfortunately, the rules were created in response to often a lack thereof. For example , NRS 484B.773 forfids to attached himself to a moving vehicle driving on a roadway while on an electric bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle.
Likewise, NRS 484B.780 states that “No person operating a bicycle or an electric bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand upon the handle bars.”
The following is a summary of these codes that applies to bicycles and electric bikes traveling legally on our roadways:
NRS 484B.768 Required action of operator of bicycle or electric bicycle when turning from direct course; when signal not required.
1. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, an operator of a bicycle or an electric bicycle upon a roadway shall not turn from a direct course unless the movement may be made with reasonable safety and the operator gives an appropriate signal. The operator shall give the appropriate signal at least one time but is not required to give the signal continuously.
2. An operator of a bicycle or an electric bicycle is not required to give a signal if:
(a) The bicycle or electric bicycle is in a designated turn lane; or
(b) Safe operation of the bicycle or electric bicycle requires the operator to keep both hands on the bicycle or
NRS 484B.769 Signals required to be given by operator of bicycle or electric bicycle on roadway. An operator of a bicycle or an electric bicycle upon a roadway shall give all signals by hand and arm in the manner required by NRS 484B.420, except that the operator may give a signal for a right turn by extending his or her right hand and arm horizontally and to the right side of the bicycle or electric bicycle.
NUMBER OF PERSONS CARRIED ON A BIKE
NRS 484B.770 Where bicycles or electric bicycles may be ridden; limitation on number of persons
carried on bicycle or electric bicycle.
1. A person propelling a bicycle or an electric bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a
permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
2. No bicycle or electric bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for
which it is designed and equipped.
RULES OF THE ROAD
NRS 484B.777 Operating bicycle or electric bicycle on roadway.
1. Every person operating a bicycle or an electric bicycle upon a roadway shall, except:
(a) When traveling at a lawful rate of speed commensurate with the speed of any nearby traffic;
(b) When preparing to turn left; or
(c) When doing so would not be safe, ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising
due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
2. Persons riding bicycles or electric bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on
paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles or electric bicycles.
USE OF REFLECTORS
NRS 484B.783 Lamps, reflectors and brakes required on bicycles and electric bicycles.
1. Every bicycle or electric bicycle when in use at night must be equipped with:
(a) A lamp on the front which emits a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front;
(b) A red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the Department which must be visible from 50 feet
to 300 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle;
(c) Reflective material of a sufficient size and reflectivity to be visible from both sides of the bicycle for
600 feet when directly in front of the lawful lower beams of the headlamps of a motor vehicle, or in
lieu of such material, a lighted lamp visible from both sides from a distance of at least 500 feet.
2. Every bicycle or electric bicycle must be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make
the wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.
It should be noted that NRS 484B.767 creates an exception to following these rules for a peace officer, fire fighter, an emergency medical technician, an advanced emergency medical technician or a paramedic Certain persons operating bicycle or electric bicycle while on duty are not required to comply with laws in certain circumstances. If these first responders are acting in the course and scope of their duties by responding to an emergency, they are not required to follow these statutes.
Nevada is trying to make our roads and highways safer for bicyclists. In a study conducted by the Nevada Department of Transportation, “Southern Nevadans indicated that they would like wider and more physically separated bike lanes and sidewalks, more regional paved shared use paths, and safer routes to school. The Nevada Department of Transportation recommends programs and policies that support walking and bicycling for all ages and abilities and about 2,023 miles of walking and bicycling facilities when the proposed system is completely built out (1,336 new miles).” https://altaplanning.com/wp-content/uploads/RTC-Regional-Bicycle-and-Pedestrian-Plan.pdf Even with projects underway to improve bicyclist safety, the best advice to follow the rules cyclists and motorists to stay safe.
If you or a loved one is injured on a bicycle, call our office immediately and we will make sure that you receive the care you need and deserve, and advise on how to preserve evidence. If you have been in any type of accident and have questions, please don’t hesitate to contact our offices today. At my office, we are experienced in helping injured victims get the compensation they are entitled to. Insurance companies never have the best interest of the injured person at the top of their priorities. They want to pay as little on every claim as possible. Having worked for an insurance company as an attorney for 9 years before opening my boutique law firm specializing in helping injured people, I reviewed thousands of auto accident claims and policy provisions.
At the Law Offices of Laura Hunt we are here to help you and your family in the event that accidents and tragedies occur. For any of your legal needs, do not hesitate to contact our offices. The Law Offices of Laura Hunt is a boutique, family owned law firm in Henderson that specializes in helping injured people and the community with legal issues involving auto accidents, wrongful deaths, slip and falls, truck accidents, injuries to children, bicycle accidents, dog bites, and all types of injury claims. Please do not hesitate to call us anytime you have a legal question or you or a loved one has sustained an injury at 702-450-(HUNT) 4868 and text 24/7 at 702-600-0032.